References for a journey through time, science and acronyms

The first module of your Carbon Literacy training


See below for the list of sources used in the ‘A journey through time, science and acronyms’ learning module of the Carbon Literacy course, as part of Brisbane Sustainability Agency’s Climate Action Training Program.

[1] Handwerk, B. (2021, February). An Evolutionary Timeline of Homo Sapiens. Smithsonian Magazine.

[2] Smithsonian. (n.d.). Here’s How Scientists Reconstruct Earth’s Past Climates. Retrieved from

[3] Handwerk, B. (2021, February). An Evolutionary Timeline of Homo Sapiens. Smithsonian Magazine.

[4] A 500-million-year survey of Earth’s climate reveals dire warning for humanity. (n.d.). Retrieved from

[5] Ljungqvist, F. C. (2009). Temperature Proxy Records Covering the Last Two Millennia: A Tabular and Visual Overview. Geografiska Annaler. Series A, Physical Geography, 91(1), 11–29.

[6] Wilson et al. (2016). Last millennium northern hemisphere summer temperatures from tree rings: Part I: The long term context. Quaternary Science Reviews, 134, 1–18.

[7] Royer, Berner, R., Montañez, I., Tabor, N., & Beerling, D. (2004). CO2 as a primary driver of Phanerozoic climate. GSA Today, 14, 3–7.<0004:CAAPDO>2.0.CO:2

[8] Inglis, G. N., Bragg, F., Burls, N. J., Cramwinckel, M. J., Evans, D., Foster, G. L., Huber, M., Lunt, D. J., Siler, N., Steinig, S., Tierney, J. E., Wilkinson, R., Anagnostou, E., de Boer, A. M., Dunkley Jones, T., Edgar, K. M., Hollis, C. J., Hutchinson, D. K., & Pancost, R. D. (2020). Global mean surface temperature and climate sensitivity of the early Eocene Climatic Optimum (EECO), Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM), and latest Paleocene. Climate of the Past, 16(5), 1953–1968. 

[9] Smithsonian. (n.d.). Here’s How Scientists Reconstruct Earth’s Past Climates. Retrieved from

[10] NASA. Climate Change Evidence: How Do We Know? Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet. Retrieved from

[11] Clarkson et al. (2017). Human occupation of northern Australia by 65,000 years ago. Nature, 547(7663), Article 7663.

[12] Baker, L. M., & Mutitjulu, C. (1992). Comparing two views of the landscape: Aboriginal traditional ecological knowledge and modern scientific knowledge. The Rangeland Journal, 14(2), 174–189.

[12] Harding, R., Hendriks, C. M., & Faruqi, M. (2009). Chapter 6: Multiple Knowledges. In Environmental Decision-Making: Exploring Complexity and Context. Federation Press.

[13] Pierrehumbert, R. T. (2004). Warming the world. Nature, 432(7018), Article 7018.

[14] Julien-Leopold Boily. (2023). Joseph Fourier. Welcome Collection. Free for reuse with accreditation. Source: A. F. B. Geille after J. Boilly.

[15] Ortiz, J. D., & Jackson, R. (2020). Understanding Eunice Foote’s 1856 experiments: Heat absorption by atmospheric gases. Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science, 76(1), 67–84.

[16] Carlyn Iverson. (2021, October 1). Eunice Foote Illustration | NOAA Available for reuse with attribution.

[17] Perfetto, I. (2011, February 11). Eunice Newton Foote’s long-forgotten climate-science discovery. Image source: American Journal of Science and Arts (1856). Available for reuse with attribution.

[18] Sorenson, R. P. (2011). Eunice Foote’s Pioneering Research on CO2 and Climate Warming. Search and Discovery Article.

[19] The American journal of science. (1818). New Haven, Kline Geology Laboratory, Yale University.

[20] Tyndall, J. (1997). I. The Bakerian Lecture.—On the absorption and radiation of heat by gases and vapours, and on the physical connexion of radiation, absorption, and conduction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 151, 1–36.

[21] Jackson, R. (2019). Eunice Foote, John Tyndall and a question of priority. Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science, 74(1), 105–118.

[22] Tucker Collection. (2011, August 27). John Tyndall portrait mid career—New York Public Library Archives. Available for reuse from Wikimedia commons.

[23] Arrhenius, S. (1896). On the Influence of Carbonic Acid in the Air upon the Temperature of the Ground. Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, 41(5).

[24] NASA. (2023, August). Carbon Dioxide Concentration | NASA Global Climate Change. Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet.

[25] Rantanen at al. (2022). The Arctic has warmed nearly four times faster than the globe since 1979. Communications Earth & Environment, 3(1), Article 1.

[26] Braidwood Dispatch and Mining Journal. (1912, July 17). COAL CONSUMPTION AFFECTING CLIMATE. Braidwood Dispatch and Mining Journal.

[27] IPCC, 2021: Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change[Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M.I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T.K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu, and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, In press, doi:10.1017/9781009157896.

[28] Callendar, G. S. (1938). The artificial production of carbon dioxide and its influence on temperature. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 64(275), 223–240.

[29] Monroe, R. (2013, April 3). The History of the Keeling Curve. The Keeling Curve.

[30] Walker, K., & Walsh, L. (2012). “No One Yet Knows What the Ultimate Consequences May Be”: How Rachel Carson Transformed Scientific Uncertainty Into a Site for Public Participation in Silent Spring. Journal of Business and Technical Communication, 26(1), 3–34.

[31] Researchers, Inc./Alamy. (2023, September 21). Rachel Carson | Biography, Books, & Facts | Britannica.

[32] Turner, Graham (2008). “A Comparison of ‘The Limits to Growth’ with Thirty Years of Reality”. Socio-Economics and the Environment in Discussion (SEED). CSIRO Working Paper Series. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). 2008–09: 52. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.05.001 

[33] Brundtland Commission. (1987). Our Common Future. World Commission on Environment and Development.

[34] IPCC. (2023). About the IPCC.

[35] IPCC. (1990). Climate Change: The IPCC Scientific Assessment (Assessment Report One). Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

[36] United Nations. (n.d.). What is the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change? | UNFCCC. Retrieved 12 October 2023, from

[37] United Nations. (n.d.). Conference of the Parties (COP) | UNFCCC. Retrieved from

[38] United Nations (n.d.). What is the Paris Agreement? Retrieved from

[39] United Nations. (2015). Transforming our world: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development | Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

[40] United Nations. (n.d.). All About the NDCs. United Nations; United Nations. Retrieved 12 October 2023, from

[41] United Nations. (2015). THE 17 GOALS | Sustainable Development.

Search page